|3 Months Ended|
Apr. 02, 2016
|Share-based Compensation [Abstract]|
Under the Brunswick Corporation 2014 Stock Incentive Plan (Plan), the Company may grant stock options, stock appreciation rights (SARs), non-vested stock awards and performance awards to executives, other employees and non-employee directors from treasury shares and from authorized, but unissued, shares of common stock, in addition to any shares reacquired by the Company through the forfeiture of past awards, or settlement of such awards in cash. As of April 2, 2016, 5.3 million shares remained available for grant.
Non-vested stock awards
The Company grants both stock-settled and cash-settled non-vested stock units and awards to key employees as determined by management and the Human Resources and Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors. The Company granted 0.3 million and 0.2 million of stock awards during the three months ended April 2, 2016 and April 4, 2015, respectively. The Company recognizes the cost of non-vested stock units and awards on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period. Additionally, cash-settled non-vested stock units and awards are recorded as a liability in the balance sheet and adjusted to fair value each reporting period through stock compensation expense. During the three months ended April 2, 2016 and April 4, 2015, the Company charged $1.6 million and $3.6 million, respectively, to compensation expense for non-vested stock awards.
As of April 2, 2016, there was $14.8 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested share-based compensation arrangements. The Company expects this cost to be recognized over a weighted average period of 1.6 years.
In each of the first quarters of 2016 and 2015, the Company granted 0.1 million performance shares to certain senior executives. The 2016 and 2015 share awards are based on three performance measures: a cash flow return on investment (CFROI) measure, an operating margin (OM) measure and a total shareholder return (TSR) modifier. Performance shares are earned based on a three-year performance period commencing at the beginning of the calendar year of each grant. The performance shares are then subject to a TSR modifier based on stock returns measured against stock returns of a predefined comparator group over a three-year performance period which starts at the beginning of the calendar year of each grant. Additionally, in February 2016 and 2015, the Company granted 38,690 and 22,990 performance shares, respectively, to certain officers and certain senior managers based on the respective measures and performance periods described above but excluding a TSR modifier. Based on projections of probable attainment of the performance measures and the projected TSR modifier used to determine the performance awards, $1.2 million was charged to compensation expense for both the three months ended April 2, 2016 and April 4, 2015.
The fair values of the senior executives' performance share award grants with a TSR modifier at the grant date in 2016 and 2015 were $38.54 and $56.17, respectively, which were estimated using the Monte Carlo valuation model, and incorporated the following assumptions:
The fair value of the certain officers and certain senior managers' performance awards granted based solely on the CFROI performance factor was $37.76 and $52.39, which was equal to the stock price on the date of grant in 2016 and 2015, respectively, less the present value of dividend payments over the vesting period.
As of April 2, 2016, the Company had $6.5 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to performance awards. The Company expects this cost to be recognized over a weighted average period of 1.5 years.
The Company issues stock awards to non-employee directors in accordance with the terms and conditions determined by the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee of the Board of Directors. A portion of each director’s annual fee is paid in Brunswick common stock, the receipt of which may be deferred until a director retires from the Board of Directors. Each director may elect to have the remaining portion paid in cash, in Brunswick common stock distributed at the time of the award or in deferred Brunswick common stock with a 20 percent premium.
The entire disclosure for compensation-related costs for equity-based compensation, which may include disclosure of policies, compensation plan details, allocation of equity compensation, incentive distributions, equity-based arrangements to obtain goods and services, deferred compensation arrangements, employee stock ownership plan details and employee stock purchase plan details.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef