Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Income Taxes

Income Taxes
3 Months Ended
Apr. 02, 2016
Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]  
Income Taxes
Income Taxes

The Company recognized an income tax provision from continuing operations for the three months ended April 2, 2016 of $28.2 million, which included a net charge of $0.1 million mainly associated with tax rate changes. The Company recognized an income tax provision from continuing operations for the three months ended April 4, 2015 of $28.3 million, which included a net benefit of $1.3 million primarily associated with adjustments made to deferred tax balances. The effective tax rate from continuing operations, which is calculated as the income tax benefit or provision as a percentage of pre-tax income, for the three months ended April 2, 2016 and April 4, 2015 was 30.9 percent and 33.3 percent, respectively, with the decrease primarily attributable to the benefit from the permanent extension of the U.S. R&D tax credit as well as the benefits from optimizing its international legal entity and cash management structure.

During the second quarter of 2015, the Company initiated an internal restructuring of its foreign entities, including the establishment of a European holding company. This restructuring is being undertaken to more effectively and efficiently manage the Company's foreign cash. The Company continued to implement this internal restructuring during the first quarter of 2016.

The Company has historically provided deferred taxes for the presumed ultimate repatriation to the U.S. of earnings from most of its non-U.S. subsidiaries and unconsolidated affiliates. As a result of the Company's internal restructuring of its foreign entities that was initiated in the second quarter of 2015, the Company determined during the first quarter of 2016 that the indefinite reinvestment assertion would be expanded to include three additional non-U.S. subsidiaries. No deferred income taxes have been provided as of April 2, 2016, December 31, 2015 or April 4, 2015 on the applicable undistributed earnings of the non-U.S. subsidiaries where the indefinite reinvestment assertion has been applied. If at some future date these earnings cease to be indefinitely reinvested, the Company may be subject to additional U.S. income taxes and foreign withholding and other taxes on such amounts. The Company continues to provide deferred taxes, as required, on the undistributed net earnings of foreign subsidiaries and unconsolidated affiliates that are not deemed to be indefinitely reinvested in operations outside the United States.

As of April 2, 2016, December 31, 2015 and April 4, 2015, the Company had $5.4 million, $4.8 million and $5.0 million of gross unrecognized tax benefits, including interest, respectively.  The Company believes it is reasonably possible that the total amount of gross unrecognized tax benefits as of April 2, 2016 could decrease by approximately $1.9 million in the next 12 months due to settlements with taxing authorities or lapses in the statute of limitations.  Due to the various jurisdictions in which the Company files tax returns and the uncertainty regarding the timing of the settlement of tax audits, it is possible that there could be other significant changes in the amount of unrecognized tax benefits in 2016, but the amount cannot be estimated.

The Company is regularly audited by federal, state and foreign tax authorities. The Company has been audited by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) through the 2012 tax year and all open issues have been resolved. Primarily as a result of filing amended returns, which were generated by the closing of federal income tax audits, the Company is still open to state and local tax audits in major tax jurisdictions dating back to the 2008 taxable year. Following the completion in the fourth quarter of 2015 of the 2008 through 2012 Germany tax audit, the Company is no longer subject to income tax examinations by any major foreign tax jurisdiction for years prior to 2013, except for potential 2012 affirmative claims in Germany.