Significant Accounting Policies
|3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2018
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]
|Significant Accounting Policies
Significant Accounting Policies
Interim Financial Statements. The unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements of Brunswick Corporation (Brunswick or the Company) have been prepared pursuant to Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) rules and regulations. Therefore, certain information and disclosures normally included in financial statements and related notes prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP) have been condensed or omitted. Certain previously reported amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation.
These financial statements should be read in conjunction with, and have been prepared in conformity with, the accounting principles reflected in the consolidated financial statements and related notes included in Brunswick’s 2017 Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017 (the 2017 Form 10-K). These results include, in management's opinion, all normal and recurring adjustments necessary to present fairly Brunswick's financial position, results of operations and cash flows. Due to the seasonality of Brunswick’s businesses, the interim results are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the remainder of the year.
The Company maintains its financial records on the basis of a fiscal year ending on December 31, with the fiscal quarters spanning approximately thirteen weeks. The first quarter ends on the Saturday closest to the end of the first thirteen-week period. The second and third quarters are thirteen weeks in duration and the fourth quarter is the remainder of the year. The first quarter of fiscal year 2018 ended on March 31, 2018 and the first quarter of fiscal year 2017 ended on April 1, 2017.
On March 1, 2018, the Company announced that its Board of Directors authorized proceeding with a spin-off of its Fitness business. Following the proposed transaction, the Fitness business will be an independent, standalone, publicly-traded company, which will be formally named at a later date. The proposed transaction is anticipated to be tax-free to Brunswick shareholders and is expected to be completed in the first quarter of 2019.
Recently Adopted Accounting Standards
Presentation of Benefit Costs: In March 2017, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2017-07, Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost, which amended the Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) related to the income statement presentation of the components of net periodic benefit cost for an entity’s sponsored defined benefit pension and other postretirement plans. The amendment requires entities to present the current-service-cost component with other current compensation costs in the income statement within income from operations and present the other components outside of income from operations. The amendment is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted this amendment retrospectively during the first quarter of 2018. As a result, $1.1 million and $1.4 million were reclassified from Cost of sales and Selling, general and administrative expense, respectively, to Other income (expense), net for the three months ended April 1, 2017 to conform to current period presentation. The Company elected to apply the practical expedient that permits the use of previously disclosed service cost and other costs from the prior year postretirement benefits footnote in the comparative periods as appropriate estimates when retrospectively changing the presentation of these costs.
Statement of Cash Flows Classifications: In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments, which amended the ASC to add and/or clarify guidance on the classification of certain transactions in the statement of cash flows. The amendment is to be applied retrospectively and is effective for fiscal years, and the interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted this amendment during the first quarter of 2018. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.
Revenue Recognition: In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, (new revenue standard), which outlines a single comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers. On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted the new revenue standard and all related amendments for all contracts using the modified retrospective method. The Company did not elect to separately evaluate contract modifications occurring before the adoption date. The Company recognized the cumulative effect of initially applying the new revenue standard as an adjustment to the January 1, 2018 balance of retained earnings. Prior period information has not been restated and continues to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for those periods.
The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with the terms of sale, primarily upon shipment to customers. Under the new revenue standard, estimated costs associated with retail sales promotions anticipated to be offered to customers within the Company's Boat segment are recognized at the time of sale, whereas under previous guidance, these promotions were recorded at the later of when the program was communicated to the customer or the time of sale. In addition, certain Fitness segment customer contracts offer incentives in the form of rebates settled with free product. These rebates are deemed to be separate performance obligations under the new revenue standard, and the revenue associated with the product rebates is deferred and recognized upon customer redemption. Under previous guidance, these product rebates were recorded in Cost of sales at the time of product sale. These impacts result in a change in the timing of when certain promotions and rebates are recorded, however, the total amount of cumulative revenue recognized over the life of the contract remains unchanged.
The cumulative effect of the changes made to the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of January 1, 2018 for the adoption of the new revenue standard was as follows:
The impact to the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income and Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of and for the three months ended March 31, 2018 as a result of applying the new revenue standard was as follows:
Revenue is recognized as performance obligations under the terms of contracts with customers are satisfied; this occurs when control of promised goods (engines, engine parts and accessories, boats, and fitness equipment) is transferred to the customer. The Company recognizes revenue related to the sale of extended warranty contracts that extend the coverage period beyond the standard warranty period over the life of the extended warranty period.
Revenue is measured as the amount of consideration expected to be entitled in exchange for transferring goods or providing services. The Company has excluded sales, value add, and other taxes collected concurrent with revenue-producing activities from the determination of the transaction price for all contracts. The Company has elected to account for shipping and handling activities that occur after the customer has obtained control of a good as a fulfillment activity. For all contracts with customers, the Company has not adjusted the promised amount of consideration for the effects of a significant financing component as the period between the transfer of the promised goods and the customer's payment is expected to be one year or less.
Recently Issued Accounting Standards
Tax Effects in Other Comprehensive Income: In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-02, Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (AOCI), which permits companies to reclassify the disproportionate income tax effects of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 on items within AOCI to retained earnings. The ASU also requires certain new disclosures. The amendment is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting this ASC amendment, but does not expect it will have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.
Hedge Accounting: In August 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-12, Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities, to simplify the application of hedge accounting and to better align an entity's risk management activities with the financial reporting of hedging relationships. The amendment is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting this ASC amendment, but does not expect it will have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.
Recognition of Leases: In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases, which amended the ASC to require lessees to recognize assets and liabilities on the balance sheet for all leases with terms greater than twelve months. Lessees will recognize expenses similar to current lease accounting. The amendment is to be applied using a modified retrospective method with certain practical expedients, and is effective for fiscal years and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the adoption of the new standard will have on its condensed consolidated financial statements.