|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2017
|Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities Disclosure [Abstract]|
The Company operates globally with manufacturing and sales facilities around the world. Due to the Company’s global operations, the Company engages in activities involving both financial and market risks. The Company utilizes normal operating and financing activities, along with derivative financial instruments, to minimize these risks.
Derivative Financial Instruments. The Company uses derivative financial instruments to manage its risks associated with movements in foreign currency exchange rates, interest rates and commodity prices. Derivative instruments are not used for trading or speculative purposes. The Company formally documents its hedge relationships, including identification of the hedging instruments and the hedged items, as well as its risk management objectives and strategies for undertaking the hedge transaction. This process includes linking derivatives that are designated as hedges to specific forecasted transactions. The Company also assesses, both at the hedge’s inception and monthly thereafter, whether the derivatives used in hedging transactions are highly effective in offsetting the changes in the anticipated cash flows of the hedged item. If the hedging relationship ceases to be highly effective, or it becomes probable that a forecasted transaction is no longer expected to occur, the Company discontinues hedge accounting prospectively and immediately recognizes the gains and losses associated with those hedges. There were no material adjustments as a result of ineffectiveness to the results of operations for the years ended December 31, 2017, 2016 and 2015. The fair value of derivative financial instruments is determined through market-based valuations and may not be representative of the actual gains or losses that will be recorded when these instruments mature due to future fluctuations in the markets in which they are traded. The effects of derivative financial instruments are not expected to be material to the Company’s financial position or results of operations when considered together with the underlying exposure being hedged. Use of derivative financial instruments exposes the Company to credit risk with its counterparties when the fair value of a derivative contract is an asset. The Company mitigates this risk by entering into derivative contracts with highly rated counterparties. The maximum amount of loss due to counterparty credit risk is limited to the asset value of derivative financial instruments.
Cash Flow Hedges. The Company enters into certain derivative instruments that are designated and qualify as cash flow hedges. The Company executes both forward and option contracts, based on forecasted transactions, to manage foreign currency exchange exposure mainly related to inventory purchase and sales transactions. From time-to-time, the Company enters into commodity swap agreements based on anticipated purchases of aluminum, copper and natural gas to manage risk related to price changes. Additionally, the Company may enter into forward-starting interest rate swaps to hedge the interest rate risk associated with the anticipated issuance of debt.
A cash flow hedge requires that as changes in the fair value of derivatives occur, the portion of the change deemed to be effective is recorded temporarily in Accumulated other comprehensive loss and reclassified into earnings in the same period or periods during which the hedged transaction affects earnings. As of December 31, 2017, the term of derivative instruments hedging forecasted transactions ranged up to 18 months.
The following activity related to cash flow hedges was recorded in Accumulated other comprehensive loss as of December 31:
Fair Value Hedges. The Company enters into fixed-to-floating interest rate swaps to convert a portion of the Company's long-term debt from fixed to floating rate debt. An interest rate swap is entered into with the expectation that the change in the fair value of the interest rate swap will offset the change in the fair value of the debt instrument attributable to changes in the benchmark interest rate. Each period, the change in the fair value of the interest rate swap asset or liability is recorded in debt and the difference between the fixed interest payment and floating interest receipts is recorded as a net adjustment to interest expense.
Other Hedging Activity. The Company has entered into certain foreign currency forward contracts that have not been designated as a hedge for accounting purposes. These contracts are used to manage foreign currency exposure related to changes in the value of assets or liabilities caused by changes in foreign exchange rates. The change in the fair value of the foreign currency derivative contract and the corresponding change in the fair value of the asset or liability of the Company are both recorded through earnings, each period as incurred.
Foreign Currency Derivatives. The Company enters into forward and option contracts to manage foreign exchange exposure related to forecasted transactions and assets and liabilities that are subject to risk from foreign currency rate changes. These exposures include: product costs; revenues and expenses; associated receivables and payables; intercompany obligations and receivables and other related cash flows.
Forward exchange contracts outstanding at December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 had notional contract values of $312.6 million and $255.0 million, respectively. Option contracts outstanding at December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, had notional contract values of $18.0 million and $30.4 million, respectively. The forward and options contracts outstanding at December 31, 2017, mature during 2018 and 2019 and mainly relate to the Euro, Japanese yen, Canadian dollar, Australian dollar, Swedish krona, British pound, Norwegian krone, Brazilian real, Mexican peso, New Zealand dollar, Hungarian forint and Taiwan dollar. As of December 31, 2017, the Company estimates that during the next 12 months, it will reclassify approximately $4.3 million of net losses (based on current rates) from Accumulated other comprehensive loss to Cost of sales.
Interest Rate Derivatives. The Company enters into fixed-to-floating interest rate swaps to convert a portion of the Company's long-term debt from fixed to floating rate debt. As of December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the outstanding swaps had notional contract values of $200.0 million, of which $150.0 million corresponds to the Company's 4.625 percent Senior notes due 2021 and $50.0 million corresponds to the Company's 7.375 percent Debentures due 2023. These instruments have been designated as fair value hedges, with the fair value recorded in long-term debt as discussed in Note 16 – Debt.
The Company may also enter into forward-starting interest rate swaps to hedge the interest rate risk associated with anticipated debt issuances. There were no forward-starting interest rate swaps outstanding at December 31, 2017 or December 31, 2016.
As of December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the Company had $3.4 million and $4.5 million, respectively, of net deferred losses associated with all settled forward-starting interest rate swaps, which were included in Accumulated other comprehensive loss. As of December 31, 2017, the Company estimates that during the next 12 months, it will reclassify approximately $0.9 million of net losses resulting from settled forward-starting interest rate swaps from Accumulated other comprehensive loss to Interest expense.
Commodity Price Derivatives. From time-to-time, the Company uses commodity swaps to hedge anticipated purchases of aluminum, copper and natural gas. There were no commodity swap contracts outstanding at December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016.
As of December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the fair values of the Company’s derivative instruments were:
The effect of derivative instruments on the Consolidated Statements of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 was:
Fair Value of Other Financial Instruments. The carrying values of the Company’s short-term financial instruments, including cash and cash equivalents and accounts and notes receivable approximate their fair values because of the short maturity of these instruments. At December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the fair value of the Company’s long-term debt was approximately $492.1 million and $495.7 million, respectively, and was determined using Level 1 and Level 2 inputs described in Note 7 – Fair Value Measurements, including quoted market prices or discounted cash flows based on quoted market rates for similar types of debt. The carrying value of long-term debt, including current maturities, was $439.1 million and $441.6 million as of December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively.
The entire disclosure for derivative instruments and hedging activities including, but not limited to, risk management strategies, non-hedging derivative instruments, assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses, and methodologies and assumptions used in determining the amounts.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef