|3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2018
|Share-based Compensation [Abstract]
Under the Brunswick Corporation 2014 Stock Incentive Plan, the Company may grant stock options, stock appreciation rights (SARs), non-vested stock awards and performance awards to executives, other employees and non-employee directors from treasury shares and from authorized, but unissued, shares of common stock initially available for grant, in addition to: (i) the forfeiture of past awards; (ii) shares not issued upon the net settlement of SARs; or (iii) shares delivered to or withheld by the Company to pay the withholding taxes related to awards. As of March 31, 2018, 5.1 million shares remained available for grant.
Share information includes all outstanding awards for both continuing and discontinued operations.
Non-Vested Stock Awards
The Company grants both stock-settled and cash-settled non-vested stock units and awards to key employees as determined by management and the Human Resources and Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors. The Company granted 0.3 million and 0.2 million of stock awards during the three months ended March 31, 2018 and April 1, 2017, respectively. The Company recognizes the cost of non-vested stock units and awards on a straight-line basis over the requisite vesting period. Additionally, cash-settled non-vested stock units and awards are recorded as a liability on the balance sheet and adjusted to fair value each reporting period through stock compensation expense. During the three months ended March 31, 2018 and April 1, 2017, the Company charged $2.4 million and $2.6 million, respectively, to compensation expense for non-vested stock awards.
As of March 31, 2018, there was $22.0 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested share-based compensation arrangements. The Company expects this cost to be recognized over a weighted average period of 1.7 years.
In February of 2018 and 2017, the Company granted 0.1 million performance shares to certain senior executives. Performance share awards are based on three performance measures: a cash flow return on investment (CFROI) measure, an operating margin (OM) measure and a total shareholder return (TSR) modifier. Performance shares are earned based on a three-year performance period commencing at the beginning of the calendar year of each grant. The performance shares earned are then subject to a TSR modifier based on stock returns measured against stock returns of a predefined comparator group over a three-year performance period. Additionally, in February 2018 and 2017, the Company granted 24,490 and 26,300 performance shares, respectively, to certain officers and certain senior managers based on the respective measures and performance periods described above but excluding the TSR modifier. During the three months ended March 31, 2018 and April 1, 2017, the Company recognized a benefit of $0.5 million and a charge of $1.4 million, respectively, based on projections of probable attainment of the performance measures and the projected TSR modifier used to determine the performance awards.
The fair values of the senior executives' performance share award grants with a TSR modifier for grants in 2018 and 2017 were $61.59 and $64.82, respectively, which were estimated using the Monte Carlo valuation model, and incorporated the following assumptions:
The fair value of the certain officers' and certain senior managers' performance awards granted based solely on the CFROI and OM performance factors was $57.19 and $58.77 in 2018 and 2017, respectively, which was equal to the stock price on the date of grant in 2018 and 2017, respectively, less the present value of expected dividend payments over the vesting period.
As of March 31, 2018 , the Company had $8.6 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to performance awards. The Company expects this cost to be recognized over a weighted average period of 1.8 years.
The Company issues stock awards to non-employee directors in accordance with the terms and conditions determined by the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee of the Board of Directors. A portion of each director’s annual fee is paid in Brunswick common stock, the receipt of which may be deferred until a director retires from the Board of Directors. Each director may elect to have the remaining portion paid in cash, in Brunswick common stock distributed at the time of the award, or in deferred Brunswick common stock with a 20 percent premium.